Samarkand: At a bilateral discussion with Russian President Vladimir Putin conducted here on the sidelines of the SCO summit, Prime Minister Narendra Modi stressed the need to find solutions to the issues of food, fuel security, and fertilisers while asserting that “the modern period is not one of conflict.”
In February of this year, Russia began a special military operation in Ukraine.
While India will take over as the SCO’s next chair in 2022, the present head of the SCO is Uzbekistan.
During the meeting of the expanded circle of the Heads of SCO, Presidents Putin and Xi Jinping of China congratulated India on assuming the SCO Presidency in 2023.
This is the first SCO Summit to take place in person since the Covid pandemic hit the globe. In June 2019, the SCO Heads of State Summit took place for the final time in person in Bishkek.
Currently, the SCO consists of eight Member States (China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Pakistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan), four Observer States (Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran, and Mongolia), and six “Dialogue Partners” (Armenia, Azerbaijan,Cambodia, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Turkey).
The Shanghai Five, which were established in 1996, evolved into the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) in 2001 when Uzbekistan was added. With the addition of India and Pakistan in 2017 and the choice to accept Tehran as a full member in 2021, the SCO grew to become one of the biggest multilateral organisations, representing close to 30% of the global GDP and 40% of the world’s population.