Defence News

India’s first indigenous submarine INS Kalvari to join Navy fleet in December

INS Kalvari, a diesel electric conventional submarine will be joining the Indian Navy fleet on the 2nd week of December, top Ministry of Defence sources have told India Today. Kalvari means ‘a deep sea tiger shark’.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi is expected to be in Mumbai for the commissioning of the submarine.Submarines are key to “sea- denial”. Lurking underwater they deny the enemy space to operate in the seas. And, therefore  are critical to dominating vast waters of the oceans and seas.The last time the India Navy got a submarine was seventeen years ago.

INS  Kalvari is the first of the six Scorpene class submarines. These are being  built in India by Mazagon Docks Limited – a Ministry of Defence-owned shipyard –  in collaboration with France’s Naval Group ( earlier called the  DCNS).

The INS Kalvari will have  anti-ship missiles and long-range guided torpedoes and modern  sensor suite that will enable it seek out the enemy from long ranges.

The Scorpene Project was signed in October 2005 and was to cost the exchequer Rs 23, 652 crore. The project has seen delays and cost overruns. INS Kalvari was to role out by 2012

While India has one of finest submarine arm, acquisition of these critical platforms suffered a jolt after allegations of corruption in the late-80s.

It was alleged that kick-backs were paid when India bought submarines from Germany. Investigations that spanned over decades remained inconclusive and successive governments shied away from acquiring submarines.

The Indian fleet of submarine has  been declining steadily. It now has just 13 conventional submarines –  nine Russian made Kilo-class (EKMs) and four German-designed HDWs (SSKs) – most of which are over three decades old.

As against India’s dozen-odd conventional submarines, China has fleet of about 60 odd conventional and nuclear submarines.

Increasingly, these are being spotted in Indian Ocean Region ( IOR). And according to estimates of the Pentagon the Chinese People’s Liberation Army( Navy) will have about 70- 80 conventional and nuclear submarines.

In the late 1990s,  New Delhi cleared the 30-year submarine building plan. It was envisaged that Indian Navy would buy six submarines each  from the Western and Russian Bloc and subsequently come- up with its own submarine design.

While the project failed to take-off, the 30-year submarine plan was tweaked subsequently. India went for mix and match of conventional and nuclear – or strategic submarines – were included at a later stage.

India is now building a fleet of nuclear powered submarines that are capable of firing nuclear missiles from under the sea.

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